| Kathleen A. Hoffman
The forced van der Pol Equation II: Canards in the Reduced System
K. Bold, C. Edwards, J. Guckenheimer, K. Hoffman, R. Oliva, W. Weckesser
Abstract:This is the second in a series of papers about the dynamics of the forced van der Pol oscillator [J. Guckenheimer, K. Hoffman, and W. Weckesser, SIAM J. Appl. Dyn. Syst., 2 (2003), pp. 1--35]. The first paper described the reduced system, a two dimensional flow with jumps that reflect fast trajectory segments in this vector field with two time scales. This paper extends the reduced system to account for canards, trajectory segments that follow the unstable portion of the slow manifold in the forced van der Pol oscillator. This extension of the reduced system serves as a template for approximating the full nonwandering set of the forced van der Pol oscillator for large sets of parameter values, including parameters for which the system is chaotic. We analyze some bifurcations in the extension of the reduced system, building upon our previous work in [J. Guckenheimer, K. Hoffman, and W. Weckesser, SIAM J. Appl. Dyn. Syst., 2 (2003), pp. 1--35]. We conclude with computations of return maps and periodic orbits in the full three dimensional flow that are compared with the computations and analysis of the reduced system. These comparisons demonstrate numerically the validity of results we derive from the study of canards in the reduced system.